Georgia has a progressive state income tax that features the 20th highest top rate and the 15th lowest bottom rate. Property and gas tax rates for the state are both near the national average.

Your Income Taxes

Tax Type Marginal Tax Rate Effective Tax Rate Tax Amount
Federal 25.00% 10.90% $5,348
FICA 7.65% 7.65% $3,753
State 6.00% 5.30% $2,602
Local 0.00% 0.00% $0
Total Income Taxes $11,703

GEORGIA STATE TAX QUICK FACTS

  • Income tax: 1% – 6%
  • Sales tax: 5% – 8%
  • Property tax: 0.94% effective rate
  • Gas tax: 26.53 cents per gallon

Among U.S. states, Georgia’s tax system ranks close to the middle of the pack for the burden its tax system places on taxpayers. Combined state and local sales taxes in the Peach State average 6.97%, 23rd highest in the country. The state’s top marginal income tax rate of 6% is 20th highest, while its bottom rate of 1% is 15th lowest. Likewise its average property and gas taxes are both near the national averages.

Of course, these various rates mean individual tax payers could end up paying more or less. We took an in depth look at Georgia’s tax system—read on to find out which taxes might affect you, and how hard they’ll hit your wallet.

Georgia Income Tax 2015 – 2016

Georgia utilizes a relatively simple progressive income tax system, with rates ranging from 1% to 6%. Higher earners pay higher rates, although Georgia’s brackets top out at $7,000 for single filers, which mean the majority of full time workers will pay the top rate. The table below shows the tax brackets for filers in Georgia.

These are marginal rates, which mean they only apply to the dollars within their respective brackets. For example, a person with a taxable income of $20,000 would pay 1% of the first $750, 2% of the next $1,500 (up to $2,250), 3% of the next $1,500 and so on. All income above the $7,000 limit would be taxed at the top rate of 6%. Note that joint filers face the same rates, but with brackets from $1,000 up to $10,000.

These rates apply not to actual earnings but to taxable income. Taxable income takes into account all deductions and exemptions, and is lower than actual income. In Georgia, taxpayers can claim a standard deduction of $2,300 for single filers and $3,000 for joint filers. Furthermore, filers can also claim a personal exemption of $2,700 ($3,700 each for joint filers) and exemptions of $3,000 for dependents.

In sum, that means a married couple with two children and annual income of $70,000 filing jointly would have taxable income of $53,600.

Georgia Sales Taxes

While Georgia has the second lowest statewide sales tax in the country (among states that have a sales tax), Atlanta has its own city sales tax of 1%, and counties can assess their own sales taxes of up to 4%. The table below shows state and county sales taxes in every county in Georgia.

Sales Tax Rates (Updated January 2016)

County State Rate County Rate Total Sales Tax
Appling 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Atkinson 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Bacon 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Baker 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Baldwin 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Banks 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Barrow 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Bartow 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Ben Hill 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Berrien 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Bibb 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Bleckley 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Brantley 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Brooks 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Bryan 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Bulloch 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Burke 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Butts 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Calhoun 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Camden 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Candler 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Carroll 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Catoosa 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Charlton 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Chatham 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Chattahoochee 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Chattooga 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Cherokee 4.00% 2.000% 6.000%
Clarke 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Clay 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Clayton 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Clinch 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Cobb 4.00% 2.000% 6.000%
Coffee 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Colquitt 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Columbia 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Cook 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Coweta 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Crawford 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Crisp 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Dade 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Dawson 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Decatur 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
DeKalb 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Dodge 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Dooly 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Dougherty 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Douglas 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Early 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Echols 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Effingham 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Elbert 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Emanuel 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Evans 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Fannin 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Fayette 4.00% 2.000% 6.000%
Floyd 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Forsyth 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Franklin 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Fulton 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Gilmer 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Glascock 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Glynn 4.00% 2.000% 6.000%
Gordon 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Grady 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Greene 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Gwinnett 4.00% 2.000% 6.000%
Habersham 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Hall 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Hancock 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Haralson 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Harris 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Hart 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Heard 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Henry 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Houston 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Irwin 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Jackson 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Jasper 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Jeff Davis 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Jefferson 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Jenkins 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Johnson 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Jones 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Lamar 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Lanier 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Laurens 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Lee 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Liberty 4.00% 2.000% 6.000%
Lincoln 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Long 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Lowndes 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Lumpkin 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Macon 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Madison 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Marion 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
McDuffie 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
McIntosh 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Meriwether 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Miller 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Mitchell 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Monroe 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Montgomery 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Morgan 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Murray 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Muscogee 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Newton 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Oconee 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Oglethorpe 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Paulding 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Peach 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Pickens 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Pierce 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Pike 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Polk 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Pulaski 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Putnam 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Quitman 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Rabun 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Randolph 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Richmond 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Rockdale 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Schley 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Screven 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Seminole 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Spalding 4.00% 2.000% 6.000%
Stephens 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Stewart 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Sumter 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Talbot 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Taliaferro 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Tattnall 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Taylor 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Telfair 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Terrell 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Thomas 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Tift 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Toombs 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Towns 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Treutlen 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Troup 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Turner 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Twiggs 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Union 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Upson 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Walker 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Walton 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Ware 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Warren 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Washington 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Wayne 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Webster 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Wheeler 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
White 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Whitfield 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Wilcox 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Wilkes 4.00% 4.000% 8.000%
Wilkinson 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%
Worth 4.00% 3.000% 7.000%

Note that Atlanta is the only city with its own sales tax, and, when combined with state and county sales taxes, the total sales tax there is 8%.

In general, all saleable products in Georgia are subject to the full amount of the rates listed above, but there are some exceptions. Most types of groceries are subject only to the local rates of 3% or 4%. Automobiles also have their own rules. Regardless of where in the state they are purchased, vehicles are all subject to a tax of 7% of market value (not sales price).

Georgia has two sales tax holidays, during which specific items can be purchased tax-free. In 2015, the first sales tax holiday runs from July 31-August 1, is targeted for back-to-school shopping and applies to most clothing, school supplies and computers. The second holiday runs from October 2-October 4 and applies to certain energy- and water-efficient products.

Federal 1040ez Tax Form

Since counties and cities collect real estate taxes and assess property values according to their own set of rules, the best way to evaluate property taxes is based on the amounts homeowners report paying as a percentage of actual home values. This is called the effective property tax rate.

For the entire state of Georgia, the average effective property tax rate is 0.94% (less than the national average of 1.11%). That varies by county, however. In Fulton County, the state’s most populous, the effective property tax rate is 1.16%. County rates in Georgia range from less than half a percent to over 1.35%.

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